How to take care of hamster
Hamsters were living in relative obscurity until just 70 years ago, when a zoologist discovered a family of these rodents in the Syrian desert. They are actually a cavernous out-pouching of the oral (mouth) cavity on both sides, extending along side the head and neck to the shoulders. The function of these pouches is for food storage and to allow the hamster to transport food from the point at which it is gathered to the hamster's den or nest, into which the cheek pouches are emptied. Today, hamsters' friendly nature has made them one of most popular small pets worldwide. The cheek pouches are a relatively unique anatomic feature of the hamster.
As a responsible guardian, the more you know about your hamsters’ medical, nutritional and behavioral needs, the healthier and happier your hamsters' lives will be.These useful tips can give you a good starting point to understanding hamster care, health and behavior.
1. Set up house
Hamster love a quite and moderate size fo cage to live. There is no such thing is too big cage for your hamster. She will be spending a majority of her time in the cage, so it should be as big as possible. It should be safe, roomy, comfortable and interesting.
Hamsters are well-kept in a wire cage with a solid tray bottom and a coated wire top. Just be sure that the space between the bars is small enough to prevent your pet from escaping. Wire bottoms can be tough on sensitive hamster feet--and besides, the plastic will be a lot easier to keep clean. All-plastic cages with tubes, tunnels and hideaways are also an option--and are great fun for hamsters. Any levels in the cage should be solid, not wire. Dwarf hamsters in particular may have trouble climbing up and down the tubes, but you can help your little guys out by putting a thin tree branch in the tubes for them to climb.
An aquarium can be use to keep your hamster as well, but it should be at least 24 inches long and 12 inches wide (a 10-gallon aquarium is too small). The aquarium should have a secure, well-ventilated, coated wire, screen lid. Pet hamsters are usually housed singly. Sexually mature females must not be housed together because of their inevitable aggressiveness towards each other. Breeding females are larger than males and tend to be aggressive towards them. For this reason, males must be removed from the enclosure as soon as breeding has been completed.
2. Hamster's bedding
Hamster just like other pet, need to have bedding. Use products made from recycled wood or paper materials that do not contain scents or oils. Aspen bedding is an acceptable second choice. Never use pine, cedar, sawdust, corn cob bedding, or cat litter and remember — pine and cedar shavings are toxic to hamsters!
3. A quiet place
Hamster will enjoy a quiet place .Even hamsters housed in quiet rooms still need hiding places in their cages to feel secure in their surroundings. Empty tissue boxes is an great recycle item to use as a hiding place for your hamster, it can perform double duty as both gnawing toys and hiding places. Some hamster owners provide PVC piping or hard plastic items that withstand chewing.
Beside a quite place to place your hamster’s cage, hamsters enjoy cozy spaces for sleeping and relaxation. Provide a plastic igloo, a wooden nesting box, a cardboard tube or other similar hideaway. Hamster like to chew on anything,ff your hamster chews excessively on her plastic igloo, remove it. Material like paper towels, tissue paper or commercial "fluff," is not recommended to use as hamster beeding material, as it can become wrapped around limbs and/or block a hamster's intestines if swallowed.
4. Hamster’s diet
Hamsters should have a good quality staple diet that is available for them throughout the day. Some hamsters like to sit in their food dishes, so use a heavy ceramic dish to decrease the likelihood of food spillage. Your hamster's food should be at least 16 percent protein and should not contain molasses.
Hamster also enjoy small amount fresh vegetables and fruits, even bird seed which make up an important part of their natural diet. Fresh Vegetables and fruist such as asparagus, avocado, basil, broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, green pepper, okra, parsley, peas, red pepper, spinach and squash are suitable to be feed in moderate amount to your hamster. Fresh fruit can be given as an occasional treat to Syrian hamsters, but not to dwarf hamsters, who are prone to diabetes. Syrian hamsters often enjoy apples, bananas, blueberries, cherries (pitted), cranberries, grapes, kiwi, melon, peaches, pears and strawberries. However, not any nutrition is suitable for hamsters and some food, such as sweets made for humans or poisonous plants like the leave of the tomato, may be most dangerous for the hamster's health. Being small animals that are adapted to the life in arid environments, hamsters can also ingest all necessary liquid via suficient amounts of watery vegetables, such as cucumber, without any negative effects.
Hamsters may also enjoy (in small quantities) whole oats, spray millet, whole wheat bread, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, tofu and hard-boiled or scrambled egg. Use common sense when feeding your hamster and introduce new foods slowly.
Hamster love to chew, you can offer your hamster natural wood chews such as apple stick, peach stick that have not been artificially colored and not been sprayed with pesticides.
5. The important of water supply
Hamster can be easily dehydrated if not begin supply with adequate of water. to ensure that your hamster has an adequate water supply, use a hanging water bottle that has an angled stainless steel sipper tube with a ball bearing in the spout. A glass water bottle is preferable, but a plastic water bottle is acceptable. Replace with fresh water each day for your hamster.
6. Chew toy and excercise wheel
In their native habitat, hamsters have to travel great distances to find food, a fact that explains domestic hamsters' need for lots of exercise. An exercise wheel allows hamsters to run full speed to their hearts' content, but is not as mentaly stimulating as more elaborate enclosures including additional toys such as plastic or wooden tubes that somewhat mimic the burrows that they might have in the wild and allow their owners to enjoy their activities. For Syrian hamsters, the exercise wheel should be at least 8 inches in diameter and should provide a solid running surface. Never use an exercise wheel with metal or plastic bars/rungs; a hamster's feet or legs can slip between the rungs, get caught and break.
Despite their cuddly appearance, hamsters have long, thin, sharp teeth that can pierce a finger that is mistaken for acarrot or for a predator. Like many rodents, their teeth grow continuously and they must have appropriate things to chew on to relieve their instinctive gnawing and to help keep the teeth at a healthy length. They wil gnaw on whatever is available, so they must bekept in enclosures that they cannot chew through. When the hamster is kept in or near a bedroom, their nocturnal nature combined with their gnawing habit can become distracting. Cardboard boxes, toilet-paper rolls and paper-towel rolls are also safe for hamsters to burrow in, chew on and play with. Branches fastened securely to the inside of the tank can help hamsters show off their climbing agility.
7. A good hamster housekeeper
To be a good hamster housekeeper, every day you'll need to remove soiled bedding, droppings and any uneaten food that your pet has stored. Once weekly, remove and replace the bedding and scrub the bottom of the cage with hot, soapy water. Rinse away any soapy residue, and be sure everything's dry before refilling with bedding material. Hamsters can be cranky if disturbed during their daytime sleeping hours, so try cleaning, feeding and handling in the late afternoon or evening. Remember to clean the water bottle and sipper tube daily to prevent buildup of food, algae and bacteria; check to be sure it is working properly as well.
Dwarf hamsters enjoy a dust bath a few times a week. Hamster dust bath and chinichilla dust bath a widely use to give bath for hamster. Put the dust or sand in a ceramic bowl in the in cage, abd watch how your hamster bath.You can reuse the sand as long as it is clean and not soiled by urine, food, etc.
8. How to handle hamsters
Hamsters handled frequently from a very young age usually remain docile and rarely bite. Those with docile temperaments and a history of not biting can simply be picked up by using one or both hands and then held in both hands or with one held against the body. But it is true that of all the rodents, specially a hamster is most likely to nip when mishandled or startled.
The best time to hold your hand-taming sessions is in the evening when your hamster's bright-eyed, well rested and ready to go about his day. Begin by slowly putting your hand in the cage and offering your pet his favorite treat. It's also important to speak to him softly and encouragingly during these sessions, getting him used to your voice. When your hamster started to come over to investigate, even stepping up on your hand. Now’s the time to stroke him gently or give him a little scratch. It's good for a hamster to be held, but you must let your new pet get used to you before you try to handle him. Hamsters have bad eyesight but they having an exceptionally good sense of smell, so your pet needs to have the time to get used to your scent and the sound of your voice before you pick him up.